sábado, 8 de setembro de 2007

Direitos Naturais I

"As reason tells us, all are born thus naturally equal, with an equal right to their persons, so also with an equal right to their preservation . . . and every man having a property in his own person, the labour of his body and the work of his hands are properly his own, to which no one has right but himself; it will therefore follow that when he removes anything out of the state that nature has provided and left it in, he has mixed his labour with it, and joined something to it that is his own, and thereby makes it his property. . . . Thus every man having a natural right to (or being proprietor of) his own person and his own actions and labour, which we call property, it certainly follows, that no man can have a right to the person or property of another: And if every man has a right to his person and property; he has also a right to defend them . . . and so has a right of punishing all insults upon his person and property."

Rev. Elisha Williams (1744)

Esta á citação com que Murray N. Rothbard começa o seu Tratado de Ética e cujos primeiros capítulos conta com:

1. Natural Law and Reason (p. 3)
2. Natural Law as "Science" (p. 9)
3. Natural Law versus Positive Law (p. 17)
4. Natural Law and Natural Rights (p. 21)
5. The Task of Political Philosophy "

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