quinta-feira, 17 de agosto de 2006

A Teoria do Monopólio, por Rothbard, como avanço Miseseano

... (e "dentro" da Escola Austriaca).

Lembrando um sequência de trocas de comentários com AAA, aqui neste blog, deparei com este nota em:


Murray N. Rothbard,78 have given a great thrust forward to the theory of monopoly, concentrating their analysis, more than on the number of enterprises "existing" in each "sector" and on the form or "elasticity" of their supposed demand curves, on the study of the dynamic process of competition and, therefore, on whether the free practice of entrepreneurship is prevented by force in any part of the market. Rothbard, moreover, hit the weak point of the neoclassical theory of monopoly, stating that its whole analysis is based on the static comparison between the “monopoly price” and the "price of perfect competition" which, as it is a price of equilibrium which never exists in the real market, cannot be known or, therefore, serve as a reference point to decide, in practice, whether or not there is a "situation of monopoly". It is important to highlight the fact that Mises, during his own lifetime, had the opportunity to see these studies on the theory of monopoly, which in some way culminated his own studies, flourish; and, fortunately, we have a direct testimony which indicates that he was in complete agreement with these new theoretical developments.79

79 Effectively, Margit von Mises, in her biography of her husband, tells us that "in Stresa, during the 1965 Mont Pèlerin meeting, Joaquín Reig once spoke to Ludwig von Mises about monopoly and Rothbard's Man, Economy and State, which had been published in 1962. Reig directed Ludwig's attention to the fact that Rothbard, one of Ludwig's most able and admiring pupils, did not completely agree with Ludwig's analysis of monopoly.

Ludwig replied: 'I would subscribe to every word Rothbard has written in his study'.

About this Reig told me: 'That was such a generous statement of Ludwig von Mises to say that one of his own students had exposed one of his own ideas better than he himself had been able to do it, that my admiration for this man jumped sky-high'. Margit von Mises, My Years with Ludwig von Mises, op. cit., p. 158.

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