quinta-feira, 4 de janeiro de 2007

Sharia law

Wikipedia- Divorce laws

A woman who wishes to be divorced needs the consent of her husband. If he consents she does not have to pay back the bridewealth.

A man who divorces a Post-adolescent or pre-menopausal women must wait three months before divorcing her to ensure that she is not pregnant.

Under certain circumstances (abuse, for instance), the wife may ask a judge to separate the couple.

If a man divorces his wife three times, he can no longer marry her again unless she marries another man and then divorces him.

(These are guidelines; Islamic law on divorce is different depending on the school of thought.)

* Islam unequivocally allows both single and married women to own property in their own right. Islam restored to women the right to inherit property, in contrast with some cultures where women themselves are considered chattels that can be inherited. A woman's share of inheritance is completely hers and no one, including her father or husband, can make any claim on it. However, rich a woman may be, her male relatives in order of closeness are required to financially support her. It is her prerogative to forgive the male relatives their obligations of support.

According to Islamic Law, adult women cannot be forced to marry anyone without their consent. Besides all other provisions for her protection at the time of marriage, it was specifically decreed that a woman has the full right to her Mahr, a marriage gift, which is presented to her by her husband and is included in the nuptial contract. Like the man, however, the woman can divorce her husband without resorting to the courts, if the nuptial contract allows that. A Muslim may not marry or remain married to an unbeliever of either sex (2:221, 60:10). A Muslim man may marry a woman of the People of the Book (5:5); traditionally, however, Islamic law forbids a Muslim woman from marrying a non-Muslim man unless he converts to Islam."

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